Have you ever thought that how would you have lived without a tongue? Seems impossible, isn’t it, let us tell you some interesting facts about your tongue which will amaze you to the core.
Whenever someone is asked to appreciate another person’s most beautiful body part, the answers that we most probably get to hear are eyes, lip, hair, etc., but we never get to hear tongue. Despite the fact, that without tongue, humans will find it very difficult to speak and eat, the tongue has never got its due and its contribution is hardly recognized.
Your tongue can tell a lot about you from your health condition to your tasting ability and today we will not only tell you about some interesting facts about the tongue but also bust some myths about it.
1. You can sense all tastes equally all over your tongue
There is a myth that different tastes can be sensed in different areas of the tongue. However, in reality, the salty, sour, sweet, savory and bitter tastes can be sensed in each part of the tongue but there is one exception which is that the back side of the tongue is more sensitive to the bitter taste.
2. Thousands of taste buds on tongue
On an average, every tongue has thousands of taste buds ranging from 2,000 to 10,000. Those people who have less taste buds have a problem in tasting the food, so they are called non-tasters while those who have taste buds more than 10,000 are called super-tasters. Within two weeks, all the taste buds die and new ones replace them.
3. The tongue helps in digestion of food and cleaning
The tongue also helps in digestion as it helps in the movement of food during the chewing process and then it also helps in swallowing it. The tongue is joined with the floor of the mouth through a fold known as frenulum while the tip of the tongue is independent of the mouth floor and as it can reach the upper parts of the mouth, it helps in the cleaning of the mouth and also plays a role in the speaking of the person.
4. Tongue is not the strongest muscle
Many times, we have heard that the tongue is the strongest muscle as it is not only flexible but it also plays an important role in some of our activities such as talking and eating. It never gets tired despite working so much but still, we can’t call it as the strongest muscle of our body as it didn’t produce the maximum force such as quads and glutes, neither exerts the maximum pressure like jaws nor it works the hardest like heart.
Tongue is made up of eight different muscles:
Yes, this is absolutely true that tongue is made of eight muscles and four of them are called the extrinsic muscles. One of these muscles is connected with the base of the skull, while another is connected to a bone in the throat; third one is connected with the lower jaw while the fourth one is enfolded around the palate. With the help of these four muscles, the tongue moves from one side to another.
Remaining four muscles
The remaining four muscles form the body of the tongue. These muscles help the tongue in taking different forms such as lengthen, curl, shorten or any other shape and they also help in eating, swallowing and speaking also. This is completely true that tongue is all about muscle and no bone.
5. Tongue Prints can be used for identification
As each individual has unique fingerprints, the tongue prints of each individual are also unique and different. Even identical twins won’t have similar tongue prints and very soon, these tongue prints can be used for identification purposes. In fact, these tongue prints can serve as both biometric tools as well as forensic tool.
6. Taste buds can’t be seen with naked eyes
While taste buds can help us in determining the taste of food items but we can’t see them with naked eyes. However, the tiny pink and white bumps that we see on our tongue are papillae. These papillae are short hair but fine hair-like projections on which the taste buds rest.
7. The ability to roll the tongue is purely genetic – correct or incorrect?
Earlier the scientists used to think that a person’s ability to roll the tongue is totally based on his genes but now they feel that environmental factor is also playing a part in it. The scientists argue that if it is purely genetic than how a child can roll his tongue later on while he was not able to do it, earlier. So now the scientists are of the opinion that tongue rolling is dependent on both genetic and environmental factors.
8. Your tongue can tell important points about your health
Yes, your tongue can tell a lot about your health. The color of your tongue will reveal whether you are having a medical condition or your body is lacking certain minerals and vitamins. A tongue is considered healthy if it is in pink shade while a tongue can turn bright red because of fever and sore throat.
Bumps on tongue
If you are having red or white small bumps on each side of your tongue, it means excessive acid is being produced in your stomach because you are eating a lot of fatty and fried foods. You will have difficulty in eating because of these bumps, which should go away within 2 weeks, otherwise, you must visit the doctor as it may be symptoms of mouth cancer or any other oral disease.
If there is a white creamy or cheese like layer on your tongue, then it is something you should take seriously. It is a symptom of yeast infection or oral candidiasis and people with weak immunity experience a lot. This infection takes place as there is a lot of yeast on the tongue and it is caused because of some medications such as antibiotics or birth control pills or diabetes.
Ulcers normally happen on the inner side of the cheek but they can also happen on the inner side of the tongue. They are painful and they happen because a person consumed something sharp or bit his tongue by mistake. If ulcers don’t get cure within a week or two, it means that a person is under anxiety, stress or is having hormonal imbalance.
If a tongue is extremely smooth then it is a sign of atrophic glossitis which happens because of deficiency of any vitamin or minerals. The chain smokers should pay attention if such a thing happens as it may be very harmful in the long run.
If your tongue has a yellow coating then it means you are not taking good care of your mouth and you need to clean your tongue daily. This yellow coating is an indication of excessive bacterial activity in your mouth which is not at all good for the health of mouth and body.